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初学者减少浪费指南

每年,平均每个美国人都会寄钱过来 1000磅日常生活垃圾 送往堆填区及/或焚化炉. Aside from the fact that landfills and incinerators emit hazardous toxins and greenhouse gases, 破坏野生动物栖息地, and pose a major threat to human health (read more about the 都市固体废物对本港的影响), 垃圾也是对自然资源的浪费, 能源, 水, 劳动, and money used to 生产 the discarded materials and items. 例如, 2014年的一项研究 found that the amount of electronic waste discarded worldwide in one year was worth an estimated $50 billion in precious metals and 资源.

Fortunately, we have the power to do something about this. There are many easy ways to reduce household waste. 只要有一点计划, 认为, 和创造力, you can significantly reduce your impact on the environment (and likely your wallet!),减少垃圾. 

想要减少浪费,但不知道怎么做? We have compiled a list of 11 easy ways to reduce household trash. 

    1. 减少食物浪费

    根据美国.S. 美国环境保护署, the largest component of municipal solid waste sent to landfill is food. Therefore, the most effective way to reduce your household waste is to reduce and divert 食物残渣! 特区政府有一些建议 减少食物浪费 这样可以省钱. Planning is key; make sure to shop with a list, take inventory of your fridge, use up leftovers, and 妥善储存食物. 此外, certain 食物残渣 are edible! 点击这里了解更多 用食物残渣做饭.

    Reducing food waste is not the only way to divert food waste from the landfill! You can feed 食物残渣 to animals like chickens (or 猪, if not feeding them meat), 在后院堆一堆堆肥,堆肥在室内用 蠕虫本, contact your trash and recycling hauler about curbside food scrap collection, 或者把食物残渣带给当地人 城镇下降. 此外, 食物残渣 are accepted from residents for free at the District 转移 Station. Call us at (802) 388-2333 for more info on disposal of 食物残渣.

      2. 纸或塑料? 既不!

      使用可重复使用的购物袋. Don’t limit reusables to grocery shopping—bring 可重复使用的袋子s when shopping for clothes, 书, 家庭用品, 等. 你也可以用 可重复使用的农产品袋 to purchase loose food items (such as fruits and veggies) from the grocery store.

      If you find yourself forgetting bags at home, try storing bags in your car. Or, purchase folding 可重复使用的袋子s and keep them in your purse, 在你的钥匙扣上, 或者一直放在口袋里. 对于一个更极端的解, you can force yourself to return home for your bags if you catch yourself forgetting, or make yourself carry your purchases out of the store without a bag. 机会是, you will remember this unpleasant experience and be significantly less likely to forget your bags next time!

      3. 对瓶装水说不

      Instead of opting for bottled 水, carry a reusable 水 bottle. It is a myth that bottled 水 is healthier than tap 水—although both tap and bottled 水 are federally regulated in the U.S., tap 水 actually has stricter quality and health standards than bottled 水. Benefit the environment, your health, and your finances by embracing tap and going reusable!

      4. 使用可重复使用的抹布和布进行清洁

      Avoid paper 毛巾, napkins, and tissues by going reusable! 使用手帕, 洗衣服, 餐巾布, 毛巾, and/or cleaning rags to wipe up messes and clean household surfaces. 使用后,只需把衣服扔进洗衣机. Wash in hot 水 and line dry in the sun to disinfect.

      5. Opt out of paper mailings, bills, ads, junk mail, and phone 书

      请浏览我们关于 打击垃圾邮件, or start with these quick tips: Contact your bank and utility companies to inquire about electronic statements and payments. Check out Direct Marketing Association Choice to stop receiving most junk mail, go to optoutprescreen.com to stop receiving pre-approved offers from credit bureaus, and visit yellowpagesoptout.com 选择不使用电话簿. 其他不需要的邮件, contact the company directly and politely request you be removed from their mailing list.

      6. 购买很少或没有包装的食品

      Fresh fruits and veggies are typically offered loose in the 生产 section, and you can also buy many dry foods package-free in the bulk section of grocery stores. Bring your own 可重复使用的农产品袋, containers, or flour sacks to purchase bulk items and 生产 而不是 of the plastic 生产 bags supplied at the stores. 查看我们的 免包装杂货购物指南 了解更多.

      7. 重新思考食物储存

      Use reusable containers and reusable food wrap 而不是 of plastic baggies, 铝箔, 保鲜膜. Side note: 你也可以用 a reusable silicone baking mat in place of 铝箔/parchment paper for baking! 查看更多 减少厨余贴士.

      8. 使用可重复使用的餐具

      Bring real silverware and 餐巾布 if packing meals or carry silverware to avoid disposable forks, 刀, 勺子, 和调羹. 你可以用你已有的银器, 在旧货店买便宜的银器, or purchase a travel silverware set with a carrying case.

      9. 去straw-less

      一次性吸管吸! 试着不用吸管喝饮料. When placing a 喝 order, politely ask for no straw. If you don’t want to give up straws completely, you can purchase a 可重用的稻草 而不是.

      10. 避免纸杯

      Paper cups and other paper liquid-holding containers have plastic linings and thus cannot be recycled. 减少 your paper cup usage by purchasing coffee in a travel mug. Most coffee shops will let you bring your own cup for them to fill—some even offer discounts for doing so! 如果你喜欢自己煮咖啡的话, 使用可重复使用的k杯, 可重复使用的咖啡过滤器, 或者法式压滤机, 记得把咖啡渣做成堆肥!

      11. 回收利用

      Recycling keeps materials out of the landfill by repurposing used materials into new products that can be used again. 通过回收,对吧, you are keeping material out of the landfill, and also reducing contamination in the recycling stream. 请查看 Mini-处理指南 to learn what can and can’t go in your recycling bin and the A-Z 指南 to see how to recycle materials that can’t be placed in your curbside bin.